Wednesday, August 26, 2020
Money related Projection Essay money related projection fundamental component of arranging that is the reason for planning exercises and evaluating future financing needs of a firm. Monetary projections (estimates) start with anticipating deals and their related costs. The essential strides in monetary guaging are: (1) venture the organizations deals; (2) venture factors, for example, costs and resources; (3) gauge the degree of interest in current and fixed resources that is required to help the anticipated deals; and (4) figure the organizations financing needs. The essential apparatuses for money related anticipating incorporate the percent-of-deals technique, relapse investigation , and monetary demonstrating. Budgetary Forecasting Financial Forecasting portrays the procedure by which firms consider and plan for what's to come. The guaging procedure gives the way to a firm to communicate its objectives and needs and to guarantee that they are inside reliable. It additionally helps the firm in distinguishing the advantage prerequisites and requirements for outside financing. For instance, the primary driver of the estimating procedure is commonly the business conjecture. Since most Balance Sheet and Income Statement accounts are identified with deals, the anticipating procedure can enable the firm to survey the expansion in Current and Fixed Assets which will be expected to help the determined deals level. Additionally, the outside financing which will be expected to pay for the anticipated increment in resources can be resolved. Firms likewise have objectives identified with Capital Structure (the blend of obligation and value used to back the organizations resources), Dividend Policy, and Working Capital Management. Consequently, the anticipating procedure permits the firm to decide whether its estimated deals development rate is predictable with its ideal Capital Structure and Dividend Policy. The estimating approach introduced in this segment is the Percentage of Sales strategy. It estimates the Balance Sheet and Income Statement by accepting that most records keep up a fixed extent of Sales. This methodology, albeit genuinely straightforward, delineates a considerable lot of the issues identified with determining and can promptly be reached out to take into account a progressively adaptable procedure, for example, guaging things on an individual premise. Ideas Percentage of Sales Method The Percentage of Sales Method is a Financial Forecasting approach which depends on the reason that most Balance Sheet and Income Statement Accounts differ with deals. Hence, the key driver of this strategy is the Sales Forecast and dependent on this, Pro-Forma Financial Statements (I. e. , anticipated) can be built and the organizations requirements for outer financing can be recognized. The computations outlined on this page will allude to the Balance Sheet and Income Statement which follow. The determined Sales development rate in this model is 25% Balance Sheet ($ in Millions)| Assets| 1999| Liabilities and Owners Equity| 1999| Current Assets| Ã | Current Liabilities| Ã | Cash| 200| Accounts Payable| 400 | Accounts Receivable| 400 | Notes Payable| 400 | Inventory| 600 | Total Current Liabilities| 800 | Total Current Assets| 1200 | Long-Term Liabilities| Ã | Ã | Long-Term Debt| 500| Fixed Assets| Ã | Total Long-Term Liabilities| 500| Net Fixed Assests| 800 | Owners Equity| Ã | | Ã | Common Stock ($1 Par)| 300| | Ã | Retained Earnings| 400| Ã | Total Owners Equity| 700| Total Assets| 2000 | Total Liab. what's more, Owners Equity| 2000| | Income Statement ($ in Millions)| | 1999| Ã | Sales| 1200| Ã | Cost of Goods Sold| 900| Ã | Taxable Income| 300| Ã | Taxes| 90 | Ã | Net Income| 210| Ã | Dividends| 70| Ã | Addition to Retained Earnings| 140| Ã | | Percentages of Sales The initial step is to communicate the Balance Sheet and Income Statement accounts which fluctuate straightforwardly with Sales as rates of Sales. This is finished by partitioning the parity for these records for the current year (1999) by deals income for the current year. The Balance Sheet accounts which by and large differ intimately with Sales are Cash, Accounts Receivable, Inventory, and Accounts Payable. Fixed Assets are additionally regularly tied near Sales, except if there is abundance limit. (The issue of abundance limit will be tended to in External Financing Needed segment. ) For this model, we will expect that Fixed Assets are as of now at full limit and, therefore, will differ straightforwardly will deals. Held Earnings on the Balance Sheet speak to the total aggregate of the organizations income which have been reinvested in the firm. Subsequently, the adjustment in this record is connected to Sales; be that as it may, the connection originates from relationship betwen Sales development and Earnings The Notes Payable, Long-Term Debt, and Common Stock records don't fluctuate naturally with Sales. The adjustments in these records rely on how the firm decides to raise the assets expected to help the determined development in Sales. On the Income Statement, Costs are communicated as a level of Sales. Since we are accepting that all expenses stay at a fixed level of Sales, Net Income can be communicated as a level of Sales. This shows the Profit Margin. Assessments are communicated as a level of Taxable Income (to decide the duty rate). Profits and Addition to Retained Earnings are communicated as a level of Net Income to decide the Payout and Retention Ratios individually. Level of Sales Calculations | The models in this container show the computations which were utilized to decide the rates gave in the accompanying Balance Sheet and Income Statement. Cash| Cash/Sales = $200/$1200 = . 1667 = 16. 67%| Inventory| Inventory/Sales = $600/$1200 = . 5 = 50%| Accounts Payable| (Accounts Payable)/Sales = $400/$1200 = . 3333 = 33. 33%| Costs| Costs/Sales = $900/$1200 = . 5 = 75%| Taxes| Taxes/(Taxable Income) = $90/$300 = . 3 = 30%| Net Income| (Net Income)/Sales = $210/$1200 = . 175 = 17. 5%| Dividends| Dividends/(Net Income) = $70/$210 = . 3333 = 33. 33%| | Balance Sheet ($ in Millions)| Assets| 1999| %| Liabilities and Owners Equity| 1999| %| Current Assets| Ã | Ã | Current Liabilities| Ã | Cash| 200| 16. 67% | Accounts Payable| 400 | 33. 33% | Accounts Receivable| 400 | 33. 33% | Notes Payable| 400 | N/A | Inventory| 600 | 50. 00% | Total Current Liabilities| 800 | Total Current Assets| 1200 | Long-Term Liabilities| Ã | Ã | Ã | Long-Term Debt| 500| N/A | Contentious Abortion EssayBalance Sheet ($ in Millions)| Assets| 1999| Liabilities and Owners Equity| 1999| Current Assets| Ã | Current Liabilities| Ã | Cash| 200| Accounts Payable| 400 | Accounts Receivable| 400 | Notes Payable| 400 | Inventory| 600 | Total Current Liabilities| 800 | Total Current Assets| 1200 | Long-Term Liabilities| Ã | Ã | Long-Term Debt| 500| Fixed Assets| Ã | Total Long-Term Liabilities| 500| Net Fixed Assests| 800 | Owners Equity| Ã | | Ã | Common Stock ($1 Par)| 300| | Ã | Retained Earnings| 400| | Ã | Total Owners Equity| 700| Total Assets| 2000 | Total Liab. nd Owners Equity| 2000| | Income Statement ($ in Millions)| | 1999| Ã | Sales| 1200| Ã | Cost of Goods Sold| 900| Ã | Taxable Income| 300| Ã | Taxes| 90 | Ã | Net Income| 210| Ã | Dividends| 70| Ã | Addition to Retained Earnings| 140| Ã | | Full Capacity The condition used to ascertain EFN when fixed resources are being used at full limit is given beneath. (If you don't mind note th at this condition depends on similar suppositions that underly the Percentage of Sales Method. To be specific that the Profit Margin and the Retention Ratio are consistent. ) where * S0 = Current Sales, S1 = Forecasted Sales = S0(1 + g), * g = the estimated development rate is Sales, * A*0 = Assets (at time 0) which shift legitimately with Sales, * L*0 = Liabilities (at time 0) which change straightforwardly with Sales, * PM = Profit Margin = (Net Income)/(Sales), and * b = Retention Ratio = (Addition to Retained Earnings)/(Net Income). At the point when the firm is using its benefits at full capcacity, A*0 will rise to Total Assets. L*0 normally comprises of Accounts Payable (and if present Accruals). The rationale of basic this condition can be clarified as follows. * = the necessary increment in Assets, = the unconstrained increment in Liabilities, and * = the unconstrained increment in Retained Earnings. The incresed in Liabilities and Retained Earnings in the condition are view ed as unconstrained in light of the fact that the happen basically consequently as an outcome of the firm leading its business. Full Capacity Example | Use the Balance Sheet and Income Statement above to decide the EFN given that Fixed Assets are being used at full limit and the determined development rate in Sales is 25%. Solution:First ascertain the Forecasted Sales. S1 = 1200(1 + . 5) = $1500Next, unravel utilizing the EFN condition. Note that we are subbing (Net Income)/(Sales) revenue driven Margin and (Addition to Retained Earnings)/(Net Income) for the Retention Ratio. | Excess Capacity If the firm has overabundance limit in its Fixed Assets then the Fixed Assets might not need to increment so as to help the estimated deals level. In addition, if the Fixed Assets do need to increment so as to help the determined deals level, at that point they won't need to increment by as much as would be required on the off chance that they were being utilized at full limit. At the point when a firm has overabundance limit in its Fixed Assets the initial step is to decide the business level that the current Fixed Assets can bolster. This can be controlled by partitioning Current Sales by the level of limit at which the Fixed Assets are by and by being used. This business level is called Full Capacity Sales, SFC. Whenever Forecasted Sales are not exactly Full Capacity Sales, at that point fixed resources don't have to increment to help the estimated deals level. Then again, whenever Forecasted Sales are more prominent than Full Capacity Sales, at that point Fixed Assets should increment. We will consider these two cases underneath. Case 1: S1 Less Than SFC When the Forecasted Sales are not exactly or equivalent to Full Capac
Saturday, August 22, 2020
Effect of Technology and Ethical Decision Making The dynamic procedure will consistently introduce moral difficulties to chiefs. Is this the correct activity? This inquiry is the focal point of the moral predicament for any one who is a leader in enterprises all through the world. An assortment of numerous components will be taken in thought in responding to this inquiry. Is it directly for the organization? Is it directly for me? There are numerous approaches to move toward the moral subject, and diverse moral qualities may and can emerge out of various methodologies like in the manner a choice can be assessed is reliant on the qualities and interests of the individual or gathering of individuals assessing that choice. For instance a few partners in certain organizations won't care that much if the choice was made dependent on moral qualities tallying it created the outcomes they anticipated. This is the place the hazard lies, on the grounds that the leader will likewise have this psyche when choosing about the subject, contingent upon the amount the person in question may over look some moral issues in lieu that a decent result or great income can come through. The guidelines about which a chief will mind are exceptionally subject to the ethical methodology. The leader may utilize a personal circumstance or material methodology and choice that will be coordinated towards their own advantage these choices can here and there cause great outcomes for the organization regardless of whether the chief has just the personal responsibility at the top of the priority list. It isn't uncommon that an administrator will settle on choices utilizing this methodology. An alternate methodology might be utilized and choice happens dependent on the genuine number of individuals profited by it. Generally this utilitarian methodology mulls over the outcomes of a choice as a technique for assessing it is profound quality.
Monday, August 17, 2020
Professional Formatting Service Professional Formatting Service Online HomeâºProfessional Formatting Service OnlineFormatting Help for StudentsAs a student, you probably know that paper writing is an integral part of the educational process. Besides, you already know that essay writing is not only about content but also about many details that have to be taken into account with formatting being one of them. As a result, formatting services are extremely important, if you want your paper to be perfect. Otherwise, no matter how good the content is, your mark will be reduced if the format of the paper is done poorly. There are different formatting styles and students are obliged to master all of them to submit high quality papers. However, different requirements to specific styles are so confusing that it is extremely easy to make a mistake. This is when formatting services will be of great help!Importance of Professional Formatting ServicesSo, why formatting is important? First of all, the quality of formatting inf luences your overall grade for paper. Second, it shows your ability to organize the information in your paper properly and provide good and correct list of sources, correct title page and in-text citations. All these elements form the format of your paper and demonstrate how good your overall knowledge in essay writing is.
Sunday, May 24, 2020
A Spirited Female Lead in Pride and Prejudice by Austen and Much Ado About Nothing by Shakespeare Pride and Prejudice by Jane Austen and Much Ado About Nothing by William Shakespeare are two of the best known and best loved literary works in history. One of the main reasons for this is the strength and personality of their leading female characters Beatrice, and Elizabeth and the relationships that they form within the books. Beatrice, described as being possessed with a fury, and Elizabeth as an obstinate, headstrong girl, are characters whose vibrant and incredibly spirited personalities simply leap off the pages capturing the imagination of any reader. One of the key techniques usedÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦It is also clear that Beatrice and Benedick know each other of old although we do not understand clearly what their previous relationship was until, when later questioned by Don Pedro, Beatrice reveals that she once gave Benedick a double heart for his single one. By including this idea of a previous failed relationship between the characters Shakespeare makes the ease with which the pair fall into the trap set for them by the other characters more acceptable to the audience as there is clearly still a strong attraction and a lot of unfinished business between them. This also allows Shakespeare to add another dimension to Beatrices character, in helping to explain the reason that it is particularly Signor Benedick who experiences the sharp side of Beatrices tongue and why it is important that Benedick thinks that he is loved of all ladies, only you excepted. The importance of Benedicks character in helping to create a sp irited female lead within the play should certainly not be under-estimated as without him we would only rarely glimpse the feisty and energetic side of Beatrices personality that makes her so enjoyable to watch. Similarly, in Pride and Prejudice Elizabeth Bennet meets her main antagonist in her future husband, Mr Darcy. It is her disregard for what is proper that makes the character of Elizabeth so appealing. When talking to Mr Darcy she
Wednesday, May 13, 2020
Texas was primarily an agricultural state until the discovery of the first commercially viable oil well in 1894. Since then, Texas has seen a massive boom in oil production and a sudden shift from an agricultural economy to one more dependent on oil. However, the insatiable hunger of oil eventually consumed most available shallow sources of oil. Only then did natural gas and its variants become a viable option, and with it the controversial technique of Hydraulic Fracturing. Hydraulic Fracturing, or Fracking, as it is commonly known, is a process that requires three main components: a natural gas deposit, drilling and fracking fluid. The operation begins with companies surveying lands to discover an untapped source. Once one is found,Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Moreover, certain financial and regulatory guidelines must be followed in order to comply with the acts policies (Gallegos, 2015). Per the act, fracking fluids fall well into the category of the act as fracking fluids contain trace, albeit, plentiful amounts of toxic chemicals that are deemed hazardous. Despite this classification, fracking fluid continues to be exempt from the act. The second policy is the Safe Drinking Water Act which details how underground aquifers are to be protected from contamination associated with the injection of liquid wastes into underground wells (Gallegos, 2015). The injection of fracking fluid into shale deposits should undoubtedly fall within the definition of an underground injection well; nevertheless, the 2005 Energy Policy Act specifically exempts hydraulic fracturing activities. Finally, fracking is exempt from certain provisions in the Emergency Planning and Community Right to Know Act. The act requires that heavy industries submit an annual report detailing their use of toxic chemicals to the EPA (Gallegos, 2015). Fracking is exempted from this act as operations would be required to account for their toxic chemical use from purchase to disposal. In the face of growing concerns, the government did attempt to address citizensÃ¢â¬â¢ concerns by proposing the Fracturing Responsibility and Awareness of Chemicals Act which would repeal the Safe Drinking Water Act and require that all chemical constituents of fracking fluidsShow MoreRelatedFracking and the Halliburton Act Essay1132 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesIntroduction Ã¢â¬Å"Hydraulic fracturing involves the use of water pressure to create fractures in rock that allow the oil and natural gas it contains to escape and flow out of a well (Energy From Shale).Ã¢â¬ Fracking has served to extract natural gas and oil where other methods would not be as successful but many environmentalists argue that fracking is affecting the environment and our drinking supply of water. Although fracking is still a controversial topic, it provides Americans jobs, increases theRead MoreFracking : The Gas Boom1352 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesHydraulic fracturing, which is more commonly known as Ã¢â¬Å"frackingÃ¢â¬ , is a term that many people may have heard about, but actually have very little knowledge on. Fracking is a topic that is highly controversial between people who work in the industry, scientists, and environmental professionals. Fracking has been around for a long time, but itÃ¢â¬â¢s only been in the past thirty years that itÃ¢â¬â¢s really taken off in wh at is known as the shale gas boom. As our sources of energy dwindle down it becomes importantRead MoreThe Oil And Gas Industry1293 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesperformance. These advancements do not seem to be slowing down. The energy industry has seen innovation in the form of hydraulic fracturing, advanced drilling methods, and the harnessing of natural gas. However, such advancements made in the technologies raise questions on the environmental impacts of oil and gas innovation. Legal issues are created and raised with the advent of hydraulic fracturing. This piece will discuss two large topics of interest seen in the realm of energy law. We will discuss whetherRead MoreFracking : A Natural Source Of Clean Energy Essay1191 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Hydraulic fracturing is a technique in which a liquid is injected under high pressure into a well in order to create tiny fissures in the rocks that lie deep beneath the earth; The rocks then allows gas and oil to flow into the well. In fracking, or hydraulic fracturing, drillers inject water, chemicals, sand, or gravel, deep underground to crack open shale rock that can contain huge deposits of oil and gas. Combined with another technique known as horizontal drilling, which is exactly whatRead MoreFracking : Hydraulic Fracturing ( Fracking ) Essay1505 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesNour Alqatami Hydraulic Fracturing Fracking process is a type of drilling water beneath the earth surface in order to access to natural gas and oil. A huge drill is used to pass through many layers of earth and rock that lie between us as the natural gas. The mixture is water, sand and certain chemicals forced into the rock at high pressure in order to force the gas out to where they can collect it. The drill can be driven into the earth either vertically or horizontally. Fracking began as an experimentRead MoreBenefits Of Hydraulic Fracturing Outweigh Risks2041 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesBenefits of Hydraulic Fracturing Outweigh Risks Hydraulic fracturing, or more commonly known as Ã¢â¬ËfrackingÃ¢â¬â¢ is a technique designed by engineers to open fissures deep within shale to extract oil and natural gas. The practice involves using large amounts of high-pressured water along with proppants, usually sand, and a small amount of a chemical solution. The diagram below pictures the process of hydraulic fracturing. In the last few years, hydraulic fracturing has become a popular topic of debateRead MoreFracking : The Economic And Environmental Effect Of Hydraulic Fracking1165 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesFracking Fracking, a technique used to extract natural gas and oil from the earth s subterranean rocks, is by no means a new thing. As the United States strives for energy independence, the number of wells produced by hydraulic fracturing has increased substantially. This method of harvesting natural gas and oil may contribute to pollution and has become a controversial topic. It is important to understand the pros and cons of fracking before drawing conclusions. Analyzing the economic and environmentalRead MoreEssay Hydraulic Fracturing Must be Reformed1457 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesShale region of the United States, stretching from West Virginia to New York, are being unearthed by a controversial method of extracting natural gas, called hydraulic fracturing, or fracking. A Healthy alternative to the fossil fuels we so frivolously use is now more critical than ever. With an overwhelming amount of negative effects on the population and the environment, hydraulic-fracturing releases dangerous ch emicals into unwanted areas, endangering many ecosystems, and harming many social institutionsRead MoreHydraulic Fracking : The Oil Industry2025 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesHydraulic Fracturing The oil industry in the United States is booming. However, not all oil or natural gasses are available by drilling. There are some oils and gasses trapped inside shale rock. To access these gases, a process called Hydraulic Fracturing, informally known as fracking, was invented. Hydraulic Fracking Ã¢â¬Å"is a controversial oil and gas extraction technique developed in the late 1940s to gain access to fossil energy deposits previously inaccessible to drilling operations. The processÃ¢â¬ ¦literallyRead MoreHydraulic Fracturing2275 Words Ã |Ã 10 PagesÃ¯ » ¿ Hydraulic Fracturing: An Inconvenient Truth Carolyn Yanoti and Florian Muller I6068325, I6078618 December 5, 2013 Workshop Paper Assignment Final Version Professor Julia Quartz As America looks to find the best source of energy at hand domestically, the use of hydraulic fracturing proves to be the best response. Hydraulic fracturing is more commonly known as fracking, is the process where natural gas is extracted from shale rock areas deep within the earth. In
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
In Robert BrowningÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"Fra Lippo LippiÃ¢â¬ , a 15th century painter discusses the illogic of his patrons who want him to paint less of the real worldÃ¢â¬âin turn for more spiritually uplifting scenes.Ã This poem gives Browning a platform to put forward his philosophy on art, which holds equal respect for the high and the low alike.Ã Similarly, in Ã¢â¬Å"Why The Novel MattersÃ¢â¬ , D. We will write a custom essay sample on Defenders Of Art And Life Differ On Everything In Between or any similar topic only for you Order Now H. Lawrence forms a postulation that there is more to life than just the label of Ã¢â¬Å"spiritÃ¢â¬ .Ã But he goes further to say that there is a difference between that which is alive, and that which is inanimate. He contends life is more importantÃ¢â¬âand a well-written novel is the equivalent of life.Ã He puts novels on a pedestal, while everything else is lesser than the living things.Ã BrowningÃ¢â¬â¢s character Lippi, however, while also detesting the barrier of the word Ã¢â¬Å"spiritÃ¢â¬ , does not go so far as to say the material mortar of the world is somehow more important than the soul.Ã He merely defends its equivalence.Ã He does not believe his paintings are more important than living things; he believes that they share equal value. Although Lawrence is willing to include the human body in with the word Ã¢â¬Å"spiritÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬âhe draws a line at the fingertips, and calls everything else (except for the novel) of lesser substance; alternately, Lippi is more liberal in his view, for he does not dwell overlong on the delineation between life and immaterial thingsÃ¢â¬âbut just on their symbiosis.Ã Ultimately, Lippi is more humble about his art and life in general. For Lippi, painting for his patrons is only half of a life: carousing about town is the other part.Ã This is why he regularly escapes for release from the dogged work.Ã Although the religious service is a career for him, he cannot sustain it without proper romps on the town.Ã Therefore, by living in worlds both saintly and debauched, Lippi is able to see through the PriorÃ¢â¬â¢s facade, when he is asked to only paint the spiritÃ¢â¬ânot the body.Ã The Prior says: Ã¢â¬Å"Your business is not to catch men with show Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã Your business is to paint the souls of menÃ¢â¬ (Lines 175-184).Ã Lippi, however, would rather include everything in his art, and therefore more accurately reflect the worldÃ¢â¬âand make better use of art.Ã Ã¢â¬Å"Now is this sense, I ask?Ã¢â¬ (198) Lippi says. Ã¢â¬Å"Why canÃ¢â¬â¢t a painter lift each foot in turn, Ã¢â¬ ¦ Make his flesh liker and his soul more like Ã¢â¬ ¦ You should not take a fellow eight years old / And make him swear to never kiss the girls.Ã¢â¬ (224-225).Ã Lippi rails against simplifying existence into a word or an image: Ã¢â¬Å"The world and lifeÃ¢â¬â¢s too big to pass for a dream Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã The only good of grass is to make chaffÃ¢â¬ (251-257).Ã Lippi cannot settle for a narrow view of the order of thingsÃ¢â¬âwhile Lawrence only partly concedes that there is more to Ã¢â¬Å"spiritÃ¢â¬ than just vapor. Ã Lawrence contests that lifeÃ¢â¬â¢s ether is as vital as the shellÃ¢â¬âand by singling out, labelingÃ¢â¬âor falsely idolizing any one part of its essence, we are hindering ourselves from fully living.Ã For instance, Lawrence rants on the fallacy of labels: Ã¢â¬Å"We think of ourselves as a body with a spirit in it Ã¢â¬ ¦ Mens sana in corpore sano.Ã The years drink up the wine, and at last throw the bottle away, the body, of course, being the bottleÃ¢â¬ (2446).Ã Indeed, LippiÃ¢â¬â¢s dead shell of a horse is LawrenceÃ¢â¬â¢s empty bottle of spiritsÃ¢â¬âand the two of them seem to agree that definitions of the Ã¢â¬Å"spiritÃ¢â¬ are just distractions from the truth of existence. Lawrence, however, sets aside one exception, being that the Bible itself, when read as an entire piece, achieves some spirit similar to that of the humankind: Ã¢â¬Å"The Bible Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã [It sets] the whole tree trembling with a new access of life, [it does] not just stimulate growth in one directionÃ¢â¬ (2448).Ã Herein lies one key difference, then, between Lippi and Lawrence, which is that Lawrence makes exception for the novel as being at the rank of a living entityÃ¢â¬âwhile Lippi does not go so far as to suggest that art is exclusive from the rest of the lifeless world, although he does believe it is as important as life.Ã After all, Lawrence says the novel can Ã¢â¬Å"make the whole man alive tremble. Which is more than poetry, philosophy, science, or any other book-tremulation can doÃ¢â¬ (2448).Ã Moreover, while he does not specifically call out painting as one of the lesser Ã¢â¬Å"tremulationsÃ¢â¬ , it seems safe to say this is impliedÃ¢â¬âsince he even excludes poetry from his sacred circle of lifeÃ¢â¬âwhich, ironically, is the medium through which BrowningÃ¢â¬â¢s Lippi is experienced.Ã In contrast, Lippi says that lifeÃ¢â¬â¢s everyday details are Ã¢â¬Å"better, paintedÃ¢â¬âbetter to us Ã¢â¬ ¦ Art was given for thatÃ¢â¬ (300-304).Ã¢â¬âand again, Lippi does not put art above lifeÃ¢â¬âonly beside it.Ã He says: Ã¢â¬Å"Do you feel thankful, aye or no, / For this fair townÃ¢â¬â¢s face, yonder riverÃ¢â¬â¢s line, Ã¢â¬ ¦ WhatÃ¢â¬â¢s it all about? / To be passed over, despised? or dwelt uponÃ¢â¬ (286-291). Of course, Lawrence, does distinguish the particularization of his own body, and how each part is equal to the wholeÃ¢â¬âbut nothing beyond himself: Ã¢â¬Å"Why should I imagine that there is a me which is more me than my hand is?Ã¢â¬ (2446).Ã But LawrenceÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"me aliveÃ¢â¬ theory excludes the static objects of the order of things as merely propsÃ¢â¬âthat are not to be confused with life or novels. Ultimately, Lippi sees no place for the soul without the bodily elements, and rhetorically argues: Ã¢â¬Å"What need of art at all? A skull and bones, / Two bits of stick nailed crosswiseÃ¢â¬ (321).Ã Lawrence, however, sees the various mediums of communication as Ã¢â¬Å"words and thoughts and sighs and aspirations that fly from [us], they are so many tremulations in the etherÃ¢â¬ (2447).Ã Lawrence merely concedes that the lifeless elements are Ã¢â¬Å"tremulationsÃ¢â¬ that may Ã¢â¬Å"reach another man aliveÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"he may receive them into his life, and his life may take on a new colorÃ¢â¬ (2447). So, while Lawrence agrees with Lippi that the baser elements are important, he goes on at length to flesh out the reasons why life and the novel are substantially more important:Ã Ã¢â¬Å"All things that are alive are amazing.Ã And all things that are dead are subsidiary to the livingÃ¢â¬ (2447).Ã He builds a wall between life and the novelÃ¢â¬âand the rest of existence: Ã¢â¬Å"I, who am man alive, am greater than my soulÃ¢â¬ (2447).Ã In this way then, while Lawrence agrees with Lippi that the parts cannot be distinguished from the whole, without excluding the essenceÃ¢â¬âhe differs in that he goes further to impose a privileged position upon the energy of life and novels, whereas Lippi simply thinks that art and the lesser units ought to have equal exposure in the spotlight life. So Lawrence is circular in his theory, insisting Ã¢â¬Å"spiritÃ¢â¬ is limiting in its languageÃ¢â¬âwhile touting the transcending power of the novel.Ã Indeed, despite arguing that limitations abound under labels, and that any Ã¢â¬Å"particular direction ends in a cul-de-sacÃ¢â¬ (2448)Ã¢â¬âLawrence is still making divisions: Ã¢â¬Å"A character in a novel has got to live, or it is nothingÃ¢â¬ ¦.Ã We likewise, in life have got to live, or we are nothingÃ¢â¬ (2449).Ã Ã Plus, he is proud of his specialness as an artist, in a way that Lippi is too humble ever to approach: Ã¢â¬Å"Being a novelist, I consider myself superior to the saint, the scientist, the philosopher, and the poet, who are all great masters of different bits of man alive, but never get the whole hogÃ¢â¬ (2448). Ultimately then, at the root of their respective philosophies on art and life, Lippi is more adverse to divisions of all kinds, not putting himself or his art above the world, put equal to it.Ã One senses that he is not likely anymore proud of himself than the subjects he paints about, while Lawrence is more proud of the novels he writes than the objects described in them. How to cite Defenders Of Art And Life Differ On Everything In Between, Essays
Monday, May 4, 2020
Question: Describe the decision the Court Reached in the Case and the reasons for the decision. Answer: In the given case, between Icecorp International Cargo Expreess Corp vs Nicolaus, the judge has mainly given focus on the interpretation of the signed agreement between the two above mentioned parties. The purpose of the agreement was to prevent Nicolaus, an employee of Icecorp, who was leaving Icecorp to join another similar company, from manipulating the past, present and future customers of Icecorp and disclosing the confidential information of the company, subject to a severance period of six months. The written agreement stated few obligations to be fulfilled by Nicolaus, after his retirement from Icecorp. These obligations were mentioned under few clauses in the written agreement, which also had a severance period for the fulfillment of the obligations. Nicolaus was sued by Icecorp for the breach of his fiduciary duty of not soliciting the customers of Icecorp and for leaking confidential information of the company. The judge in deciding this case found out that in clause 6 of the agreement it is clearly stated that Nicolaus is not to solicit the past, present and future customers of Icecorp after he retires. But in this clause, it is clearly mentioned that Nicolaus is prohibited to do so only during a severance period of six months. Hence, according to the judge, the fiduciary duty of Nicolaus in respect of soliciting Iccorps clients is limited to the six month severance period mentioned clearly in the clause, and Nicolaus cannot be held liable for breach of fiduciary duty for soliciting Icecorps clients after the expiry the severance period (Thornicroft 2014). Secondly, the judge focuses on clause 7 of the agreement that prohibited Nicolaus to disclose any confidential information of Icecorp. Clause 7 clearly stated that Nicolaus cannot leak any confidential information regarding Icecorp after his retirement. But the judge points out that in this clause there has been no mentioning of any severance period and it cannot be said that the obligation of Nicolaus of not disclosing confidential information is not limited to a time period and hence, it is assumed to be continuing (McKendrick 2014). But the judge does not clearly state whether in this case the duty of Nicolaus is a continuing one or not and the exact time to which the duty of Nicolaus is limited in this case. Hence, he is unable to state whether there has been a breach of fiduciary duty by Nicolaus or not. Therefore, according to the decision of the judge, this case can be decided by a traditio nal trial in a proper tribunal, where proper evidences can be called for to determine the case. References: McKendrick, E., 2014.Contract law: text, cases, and materials. Oxford University Press (UK). Thornicroft, K.W., 2014. Severance Pay and the Older Worker: Negotiated Versus Litigated Outcomes Under Canadian Common Law.Alta. L. Rev.,52, p.779.